Asbestosis

Quick Summary

Asbestosis is a serious lung condition caused only by asbestos exposure. It develops decades after someone inhales asbestos fibers. The lungs are slowly irritated by these fibers, leading to scarring and difficulty breathing. U.S. veterans are at a higher risk of asbestosis, as the military relied on asbestos-based products for decades. Below, see how veterans can access military benefits, medical care, and compensation for asbestosis.

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What Is Asbestosis?

Asbestosis occurs when microscopic asbestos fibers get lodged in the tiny sacs within the lungs (called alveoli). The fibers damage the alveoli and prevent the lungs from properly filling with air.

Asbestosis is a type of pulmonary fibrosis, or interstitial lung disease. In cases of pulmonary fibrosis, the lung becomes damaged due to irritation from a mineral like asbestos or other causes.

“Asbestosis […] is the prototype of diseases caused by inhalation of mineral fibers.”

– Pathology of Asbestos-Associated Diseases

Though asbestosis is not cancerous, it is still very dangerous. This incurable disease slowly worsens and can cause the affected lung to stop working.

Over time, asbestosis can lead to fatal outcomes like respiratory or heart failure. Those with asbestosis could also be at risk of mesothelioma, a deadly cancer caused by asbestos exposure.

Veterans & Asbestosis Risk

U.S. veterans that served between the 1930s and 1980s may be at a higher risk of asbestosis than the general public. The U.S. military heavily relied on asbestos-based products during this time, so many veterans were exposed to asbestos on a regular basis.

Did you know?

The military and most civilians didn’t know the dangers of asbestos for decades. The makers of asbestos-based products knew the truth as far back as the 1930s but hid it to keep profits high.

Fortunately, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) understands the connection between asbestosis and military asbestos exposure and offers both medical care and compensation to those affected.

Veterans with asbestosis also may be able to take legal action against makers of asbestos-containing products who are responsible for their exposure. The military will not be sued as part of this process, and VA benefits won’t be affected.

Get a free veterans packet to learn how you can get benefits and compensation for asbestosis.

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  • Treatment Options
  • Financial Assistance
  • VA Benefits

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  • Treatment Options
  • Mesothelioma Specialists
  • Veterans Benefits

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Asbestosis Causes

The only known cause of asbestosis is exposure to asbestos fibers.

Veterans may have been exposed by working on:

  • Construction sites
  • Ground vehicles
  • Planes
  • Ships & shipyards

When asbestos dust is inhaled into the lungs, microscopic fibers may get stuck in the alveoli. The human body cannot remove or break down these durable fibers, and so they constantly irritate the alveoli. Over several decades, healthy lung tissue becomes inflamed and scar tissue forms.

Severe damage from asbestos limits lung function.

Risk Factors for Asbestosis

Anyone who was exposed to asbestos may develop asbestosis later in life. However, those diagnosed with asbestosis usually worked around asbestos for years or decades at a time.

Notable risk factors for asbestosis include:

  • Industrial work: Those who served in industrial trades like carpentry or construction work in the 20th century often used asbestos-based products on a daily basis for long periods of time. This meant they could inhale stray fibers regularly.
  • Military service: Asbestos-based products could be found throughout all U.S. military assets. U.S. veterans that served as shipyard workers, insulators, and boiler tenders had a very high risk of exposure since they had to work with asbestos daily.
  • Secondhand exposure: Those who lived with someone who worked around asbestos also had a high risk of exposure. Workers could bring home asbestos fibers on their clothes, and their family could inhale them without notice.
  • Smoking: According to the American Lung Association (ALA), those who smoke have a higher risk of developing asbestosis. Smoking weakens the lungs and makes it easier for asbestos fibers to cause irritation.

Connie, a World War II veteran who fought in the Battle of Iwo Jima, was diagnosed with asbestosis decades after he served. He was regularly exposed to asbestos for 30 years while serving as an electrician. Since asbestos is inflammable, it was used in military electrical wiring for decades.

Not sure how you developed asbestosis? Our team can find out when and where you may have been exposed to asbestos. Call (877) 450-8973.

Symptoms of Asbestosis

Common asbestosis symptoms typically affect the lungs and chest.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), oxygen and carbon dioxide cannot properly flow through lungs damaged by asbestosis. As a result, those with asbestosis have a harder time breathing.

Other notable symptoms of asbestosis include:

  • Chronic cough
  • Chest pain and tightness
  • Crackling in the chest while breathing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weight loss

Those with asbestosis may also develop other symptoms in some cases. For example, their fingertips may bulge into a boxy shape (known as clubbing). Scientists still don’t know exactly why asbestosis leads to this symptom.

Asbestosis Diagnosis

To make a diagnosis of asbestosis, doctors will take note of your symptoms and ask if you were ever exposed to asbestos.

From there, doctors may listen to your breathing through a stethoscope. They’ll want to hear if the lungs crackle as you inhale and exhale and will also note if you have trouble breathing.

If doctors suspect you have asbestosis at this stage, they’ll likely take a chest X-ray or a computed tomography (CT) scan to look for abnormalities in the lungs.

“Advanced asbestosis appears as excessive whiteness in your lung tissue [on imaging scans]. If the asbestosis is severe, the tissue in both lungs might be affected, giving them a honeycomb appearance.”

– Mayo Clinic

A pulmonary (lung) function test may also be performed. This test can help determine how well your lungs work.

In some cases, a biopsy may be used to rule out other asbestos-related diseases, such as lung cancer or mesothelioma. Through a biopsy, doctors take a sample of lung tissue or fluid and analyze it under a microscope. This will allow them to see whether cancerous cells are present.

Our team can help you find a doctor with experience diagnosing asbestosis. Contact us to learn more.

Asbestosis Prognosis

The expected outcome, or prognosis, of asbestosis is poor. According to a 2020 report from researchers at Punjab Medical College, patients with asbestosis typically live for 4 years or less following their diagnosis.

Asbestosis has a poor prognosis for 2 main reasons:

  • No cure: At this time, there is no cure for asbestosis. The impaired lung function caused by asbestosis is irreversible once it has started.
  • Cancer risk: Patients with asbestosis may go on to develop asbestos-related cancers like lung cancer or mesothelioma. These cancers are very aggressive and have a low long-term survival rate.

However, those with asbestosis may be able to improve their prognosis through various treatments.

Asbestosis Treatment Options

Asbestosis patients currently have several treatment options that can slow the disease’s progression and improve quality of life.

Asbestosis treatment options include:

  • Medications: Medications like steroids may sometimes be used to reduce lung inflammation. Researchers are still determining exactly how effective steroids are in treating asbestosis.
  • Oxygen therapy: Through this therapy, you’ll receive supplemental oxygen through tubes that connect to your nose or a mask that fits over your mouth. This helps improve the oxygen levels in your body and reduce symptoms.
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation: Pulmonary rehabilitation programs allow you to better manage your lung health. Therapists can teach you techniques and exercises to reduce your symptoms and become more active. Pulmonary rehabilitation is often tailored to your specific needs.
  • Lung transplants: A lung transplant removes the damaged lung and replaces it with a healthy one. Lung transplants are typically only used as a last resort if other treatment options don’t work, as it is a major surgery.

While not direct treatments, doctors also may recommend changes to your daily life to improve your health.

Lifestyle changes may include:

  • Getting vaccinated: Since asbestosis weakens your lungs, you may be at a higher risk of complications from other lung infections. The Mayo Clinic recommends asking your doctor about vaccinations for lung diseases like pneumonia to reduce your risks.
  • Quitting smoking: The ALA notes that smoking speeds up the progression of asbestosis. Smoking also puts you at an increased risk of lung cancer.
  • Staying active & healthy: This includes getting regular exercise, sleeping well, avoiding asbestos and other toxic substances, and maintaining a proper diet.

Health care professionals can help determine which treatments will be best for you depending on your unique health care needs. Get a free veterans packet to see how you can connect with top doctors who can treat asbestosis.

Mesothelioma Veterans Guide
A Free Veterans Packet can help with

  • Treatment Options
  • Financial Assistance
  • VA Benefits

Get Your Free Veterans Packet

Mesothelioma Veterans GuideGet a FREE Veterans Packet

Get information on:

  • Treatment Options
  • Mesothelioma Specialists
  • Veterans Benefits

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Benefits for Veterans With Asbestosis

U.S. veterans diagnosed with asbestos may qualify for a wide range of benefits, both from the VA and through legal action. Learn about some of the top benefits below.

VA Benefits

The VA recognizes that military asbestos exposure can lead to asbestosis and other health problems among veterans. Today, veterans with asbestosis can file for VA benefits that can help them receive treatments to manage their condition.

VA benefits include:

  • Financial compensation: Through VA financial benefits, you can receive monthly payouts to cover living expenses and health care costs.
  • Medical care: If you have VA Health Care, you can access low-cost or free treatment from VA doctors and hospitals. This is especially helpful for asbestosis patients later diagnosed with mesothelioma, as some of the best mesothelioma doctors are partnered with the VA.
  • Survivor benefits: Your family may also qualify for financial benefits if you pass away from asbestosis or another illness tied to your military service. These benefits can keep your next of kin financially stable.

Get help filing for VA benefits with the help of U.S. veteran and VA-accredited attorney Eric Hall.

Asbestosis Legal Claims

Asbestosis legal claims allow you to pursue financial compensation from the makers of asbestos-based products. Legal claims are not filed against the U.S. military or government.

Filing an asbestosis claim may award you with more money than VA benefits would, and the process is hassle-free when you work with a lawyer — in most cases, you won’t have to go through the full lawsuit process for an asbestosis claim.

Skilled asbestos attorneys can build and file a claim on your behalf, with no extra stress on you or your family.

Further, legal claims do not impact your VA benefits. In fact, you may be able to file a lawsuit or other legal claim and a VA benefits claim at the same time. Connect with a lawyer to see if you’re eligible.

Asbestos Trust Funds

Many manufacturers of asbestos-based products declared bankruptcy so they could avoid being sued. That said, you can still pursue compensation from these manufacturers through asbestos trust funds.

The government forced the manufacturers that declared bankruptcy to set aside money in trusts for those who developed asbestos-related illnesses. Today, there is more than $30 billion available in these trust funds.

Many asbestos trust funds use scaling systems to determine how much they will pay out. Asbestosis patients may receive less than those with mesothelioma or lung cancer but more than those with other illnesses like pleural plaques.

An asbestosis attorney can file claims with these trust funds on your behalf. Much like filing a legal claim, there’s no hassle to you or your loved ones.

Unlock Trust Funds

Learn about:

  • Asbestos Trust Funds
  • Access Over $30 Billion
  • Financial Assistance

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Access Asbestosis Benefits & Financial Aid

Every year, veterans and civilians are diagnosed with asbestosis. Those diagnosed will suffer from the condition for the rest of their lives.

Fortunately, many with asbestosis and other asbestos-related diseases are able to pursue justice and financial aid through asbestos trust fund claims and lawsuits. U.S. veterans may qualify for more compensation and medical treatment through the VA if their diagnosis is linked to military asbestos exposure.

Get a free veterans packet to learn how you can access benefits and compensation.

FAQs About Asbestosis

How long does it take to get asbestosis?

Asbestosis has a long latency period (span of time before symptoms develop), as asbestos fibers gradually irritate healthy lung tissue. The first symptoms of asbestosis appear typically 20 to 50 years after exposure.

Can you recover from asbestosis?

No — asbestosis is incurable. However, there are ways to reduce your symptoms, such as getting oxygen therapy, not smoking, and attending a pulmonary rehabilitation program.

Talk to your doctor to learn how you can manage asbestosis after diagnosis.

What is the difference between asbestosis and mesothelioma?

While asbestosis and mesothelioma are both caused by asbestos exposure, they are not the same disease.

Malignant mesothelioma is a type of cancer that typically develops in the pleura (the lining of the lungs). It may also develop in the linings of the abdomen, heart, and testes. The cancer can spread to other parts of the body as it progresses.

Asbestosis is not a form of cancer and is only known to affect the lungs.

Veterans Support Team
Christopher Dryfoos PhotoWritten by:

Contributing Author

Christopher Dryfoos is a journalist and member of the American Medical Writers Association (AMWA). As the grandson of the U.S. Navy’s first forensic pathologist, he aims to help veterans with mesothelioma access needed care.

View 11 Sources
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