The United States Navy used asbestos as part of the insulating process in shipbuilding for decades. No one knew that asbestos on escort carriers and other ships was a potentially deadly carcinogen.
This meant that thousands of sailors aboard Navy vessels like escort carriers were exposed to asbestos and later developed asbestos-related illnesses.
Asbestos and Escort Carriers Explained
Like destroyers, frigates, and aircraft carriers, escort carriers made up a large part of the U.S. Navy. This was particularly true during World War II when many battles were waged on the seas.
As with all other Navy ships, Navy escort carriers (CVEs) needed to be protected against fire and excessive heat. This was especially important in the boiler and engine rooms.
Asbestos was considered a safe and cheap alternative to other materials. This made it a popular option for fireproofing escort carriers and protecting sailors from heat while on the job.
In fact, during World War II, asbestos insulation was a mandated part of the shipbuilding process for escort carriers.
Escort carriers are scaled-back aircraft carriers that were used during World War II. Sometimes referred to as “jeep carriers” or “baby flattops,” these ships were designed to carry convoys and defend against enemy aircraft and submarines.
Many years after these ships were built, asbestos was discovered to be hazardous and highly toxic to those who inhaled or ingested the fibers. For this reason, the Navy banned the use of asbestos in the 1970s. By then, thousands of American sailors and other escort carrier workers had been exposed to asbestos materials already.
Thankfully, veterans with mesothelioma, lung cancer, or other asbestos-related diseases can get military benefits from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and seek legal compensation.
Why Was Asbestos Used on Escort Carriers?
Most escort carriers built before the early 1980s were built with asbestos because no one knew of the dangers. The risks were known only to the asbestos companies, who learned that exposure to asbestos can cause cancer as early as the 1930s.
Unfortunately, this information wasn’t made public until the 1970s, too late for the Naval service members and shipyard workers who came in contact with the substance.
Video Summary: VA-accredited attorney Eric Hall explains how U.S. veterans risked asbestos exposure while they served. Veterans with asbestos-related diseases like mesothelioma may qualify for VA benefits. Call (877) 450-8973 to get started. View Transcript
Military members who served between the 1930s and 1980s were very likely exposed to asbestos, particularly in the Navy because asbestos was used throughout the ships to insulate pipes and insulate their boiler systems.
And of course, the Marines were also on ships for extended periods of time when they were going from one place to another.
Also, the Air Force used asbestos extensively, particularly in parts for airplanes. The army and the Marine Corps also use asbestos throughout their buildings on base to help insulate various pipes.
If the veteran believes they were exposed to asbestos while serving in, the number one thing they can do is put the VA notice that they intend to file for VA benefits.
The Mesothelioma Veterans Center can help with that process and we encourage veterans to call and find out how we can help them.
Asbestos was used in many areas of the escort carriers and other ships due to its versatility.
Pipes containing asbestos were found in the sailors’ private quarters, mess halls, common areas, and navigation rooms on escort carriers. Asbestos was also used to insulate the exterior of the ship, boilers, piping, and engines used to power escort carriers.
More than 300 asbestos-containing products were used on escort carriers until the middle of the 1970s, when it was discovered that asbestos is toxic.
Letters, ship databases, war diaries, historical documents, repair logs, and memos dating back to World War II document use of asbestos on these ships.
Anyone who inhales asbestos could develop mesothelioma.
List of Asbestos-Based Products Used on Escort Carriers
Asbestos coated many items on escort carriers, including boilers, engines, and pipes.
This exposed Navy veterans who worked on these ships to dangerous levels of asbestos. It also increased their risk of developing an asbestos-related disease later in life, such as asbestosis or mesothelioma.
Learn about some of the common asbestos-based products found on these ships below.
Boilers create the high-temperature steam needed to operate these kinds of ships.
Boilers were often coated with asbestos blankets for insulation. Many of these asbestos-containing materials were nearly 15% asbestos.
Gaskets that managed the heat generated by the boilers also contained asbestos. Boilermakers on escort carriers typically had the most asbestos exposure.
However, personnel who installed or regularly maintained boilers had a high risk of asbestos exposure.
Oftentimes, the ventilation in boiler rooms was poor, and sailors usually didn’t have respiratory protective devices. This meant many were exposed to high concentrations of asbestos and later developed illnesses such as mesothelioma and asbestosis.
Get a Free Veterans Packet if you developed mesothelioma after serving on an escort carrier or another Navy vessel. Compensation may be available.
Piping was required to disperse cold water and steam to all parts of U.S. Navy ships. Most of these pipes were insulated with wraps made from asbestos, which kept the heat or cold from escaping from the pipes.
The asbestos-containing insulation consisted of a felt wrapper that was covered by tar, which provided an outer wrapping. The felt wrapper was up to 50% asbestos.
The asbestos covering these pipes often broke down, allowing asbestos fibers to become airborne. Asbestos in the air was inhaled and ingested by sailors and other workers on escort carriers.
U.S. Military personnel responsible for repairing damaged pipes were at a high risk of inhaling asbestos particles. Any time the pipe coatings were damaged, workers had to replace the damaged coating.
This involved stripping off the old insulation and putting on new insulation containing asbestos. Eventually, many of these sailors developed an asbestos-related illness.
Mechanical pumps on escort carriers were used to power many different systems, including the bilge, cooling, and heating systems.
Those who maintained these pumps were referred to as “machinist mates”, and their work put them at high risk of asbestos exposure.
Machinist mates often came into contact with insulation containing asbestos, which was used on the external surface of these pumps.
There was no respiratory protective gear aboard escort carriers, causing many machinist mates to become exposed to asbestos in the cramped quarters of the ships.
Toxic asbestos fibers were released into the air when workers used sanders, wire brushes, and scrapers to remove gaskets stuck inside the pumps.
Valves were common on escort carriers. These devices helped control the flow of gasses and liquids within the ship’s plumbing.
Several valves were used on escort carriers, including steam valves that operated under high pressures. These valves were often made from asbestos.
- Type of Ship:
- Asbestos Used: Yes
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Who Was at Risk of Asbestos Exposure on Escort Carriers?
U.S. Navy veterans at the highest risk for asbestos exposure during their time of service were boiler operators and pipefitters.
Because the quarters were cramped, they had high amounts of asbestos fibers. The U.S. military workers exposed to them breathed them in, and many of them later developed asbestos-related diseases.
However, anyone who served on an escort carrier or other Navy vessels may have been exposed to asbestos at some point.
For these reasons, veterans with mesothelioma are encouraged to see if they qualify for VA benefits and compensation.
List of Escort Carriers With Asbestos
All naval ships were made with asbestos products before the 1970s. If you’re a Navy veteran, it may help to know if the specific ship you served on contained asbestos.
The following are some Navy escort carriers that used asbestos-containing materials:
- USS Altamaha (CVE-6)
- USS Barnes (CVE-20)
- USS Carnegie (CVE-38)
- USS Coral Sea (CVE-57)
- USS Edisto (CVE-41)
- USS Hoggatt Bay (CVE-73)
- USS Nehenta Bay (CVE-74)
- USS Petrof Bay (CVE-80)
- USS Salerno Bay (CVE-110)
- USS Takanis Bay (CVE-89)
- USS Tulagi (CVE-72)
- USS Willapa (CVE-53)
Legal Options for U.S. Veterans With Mesothelioma
Veterans who served in the United States Navy as shipyard workers or escort carrier personnel diagnosed with mesothelioma have options. VA benefits are available to those who served, and anyone exposed to asbestos who later became sick can file a claim with an asbestos trust fund.
Asbestos Trust Fund Claims
If you were exposed to asbestos while serving in the U.S. Navy and now have mesothelioma, you can seek payment from the makers of the asbestos products.
This is known as a product liability lawsuit. A reputable law firm can help you file your claim and represent you.
You will either file a lawsuit against the former asbestos manufacturer or with an asbestos trust fund claim.
Asbestos trust funds were set up after companies that made asbestos filed for bankruptcy due to so many mesothelioma claims. These trust funds ensure that there are funds for mesothelioma patients affected by toxic asbestos.
Veterans with mesothelioma may be eligible for full VA benefits.
Mesothelioma and other asbestos-related illnesses related to service typically qualify for a 100% disability rating. A 100% disability rating for married veterans currently provides $3,823.89 monthly.
Help for Veterans With Mesothelioma
If you or a loved one worked on an escort carrier during military service, you were likely exposed to asbestos and are at risk for an asbestos-related disease.
If you develop mesothelioma or another asbestos-related disease, you have treatment options with several VA medical centers. There are several mesothelioma specialists available through the VA.
The care is almost always covered by the U.S. Veteran’s Administration because the exposure was usually service-related.
There are also monthly financial payments available from the VA for mesothelioma patients. Veterans may also qualify for legal compensation from the makers of asbestos-based products.
Finally, if you were diagnosed with mesothelioma, you can connect with a mesothelioma patient advocate to access support, assistance, and resources.
Get a Free Veterans Packet to learn more about the benefits available to you.
FAQs About Asbestos on Escort Carriers
Is there still asbestos on Navy ships?
No World War II-era U.S. Navy escort carriers are in use today, according to the Smithsonian Institution. However, a handful of other U.S. Navy vessels still contain asbestos-based products.
It was impossible to remove all asbestos-containing materials from Navy ships. Thankfully, steps have been taken to make sure the asbestos currently used on Navy vessels is sturdy and won't harm those aboard.
Can you sue the Navy for asbestos exposure?
You won't sue the Navy for asbestos exposure when you work with our team. We don't take legal action against any branch of the government or military.
The Mesothelioma Veterans Center can help you file for mesothelioma VA benefits that are offered by the military, which typically award nearly $4,000 a month or more.
We can also help you file private legal claims against the makers of asbestos-based products. These companies knew the risks of asbestos but hid them. Filing a private legal claim or lawsuit won't affect your ability to receive mesothelioma VA benefits.
How do you prove asbestos exposure in the military?
If you or a loved one believes asbestos exposure from a U.S. Navy escort carrier caused an illness, you'll need evidence.
This may include medical records confirming your diagnosis, military service documents, and a nexus letter from a doctor. The nexus letter will be a doctor's confirmation that your illness was linked to asbestos exposure.
Our team can help determine when, where, and how you may have been exposed to asbestos on escort carriers. From there, we can secure VA benefits, medical aid, and financial payouts on your behalf if you have mesothelioma.