A mesothelioma prognosis describes the expected outcome of a patient’s cancer. Mesothelioma generally has a bad prognosis, but veterans with this cancer may be able to access free treatment through the VA Health Care System.
What Is the Prognosis for Mesothelioma?
A malignant mesothelioma prognosis takes into account 2 main factors: life expectancy and survival rate.
- Mesothelioma life expectancy is the average length of time a patient can expect to live after their diagnosis. The average life expectancy is 10-21 months for pleural mesothelioma and 28-35 months for peritoneal mesothelioma.
- Mesothelioma survival rates measure the percentage of patients still alive after a specified length of time. The 1-year survival rate is 73.1% for pleural mesothelioma and 91.6% for peritoneal mesothelioma.
Many patients are older when diagnosed so their prognosis can feel discouraging, but it is not final. By seeking prompt medical treatment, mesothelioma patients may be able to extend their prognosis by months or even years.
Factors That Determine Mesothelioma Prognosis
A patient’s individual traits play a major role in determining this outcome.
- Mesothelioma location
- Cell type
- Treatment options
- Patient history
Certain mesothelioma types (peritoneal vs pleural) have a better prognosis than others. Generally, doctors feel that peritoneal mesothelioma is easier to manage with treatment and has a better prognosis.
Pleural Mesothelioma Prognosis
Pleural mesothelioma is often diagnosed at later stages. A late diagnosis makes curative surgery a less likely option, which means the patient will usually have a poor prognosis.
Pleural Mesothelioma Prognosis by Stage
Pleural mesothelioma has 4 stages, which greatly affect a patient’s prognosis. In general, early stages (stages 1 and 2) have better prognoses, while more advanced stages (stages 3 and 4) have worse prognoses.
Pleural mesothelioma has a median life expectancy of 18 months and a 5-year survival rate of only 10%, a fairly poor prognosis when compared to other cancers.
|Stage||Prognosis||Median Life Expectancy|
|Stage 1||Patients diagnosed in stage 1 have the best prognosis.||21.2 months|
|Stage 2||The prognosis for patients diagnosed at stage 2 is still relatively good.||18.9 months|
|Stage 3||Stage 3 has a poorer prognosis.||14.3 months|
|Stage 4||Patients diagnosed at stage 4, the most advanced stage of the cancer, have the worst prognosis.||10.1 months|